RecruitmentRules And Recruitment Of Non-Gazetted Staff

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Government of India   Ministry of Railways   Master Circular No. 32   RecruitmentRules and Recruitment of Non-Gazetted Staff   CONTENTS     No. Subject 1 Introduction 2 Authority Competent to Frame Rules 3 Authority competent to Modify Recruitment Rules 4 Initial Recruitment on Probation 5 Medical Certificate Prior to Appointment 6 Rules related to Age/Qualification/Pay Scales of Post/Service 7 Declaration of Date of Birth 8 Reservation for SC/ST 9 Age Limit for Recruitment in NTPC and Other Categories 10 Relaxation in Age Limit 11 Normal Recruitment in the Lowest Grade 12 Direct Recruitment and RRBs 13 Application Form 14 Employment Notice 15 Mode of Applying and Examination Fee 16 Prior Condition to Work in Terroterial Army 17 Provisions to be Made in Offer of Appointment 18 Points to be kept in view at the time of Recruitment in Group-C 19 Frequency of Recruitment in Group-D 20 Qualification etc for Group-D to be Framed by Railway Board 21 Priority of CL/Subs over the Outsiders in Recruitment 22 Currency of Panel and Authority to Extend for Group-D 23 Recruitment in Group-D only After Exhausting Surplus Staff 24 General 25 Link to Other Railway Boards Letters on the Subject 26 Link to Chapter 1 (Section B) of IREM Vol. I 27 Link to Chapter 2 of IREC Vol. I   Recruitment Rules and Recruitment of Non-Gazetted Staff   At present the orders relating to Recruitment Rules and recruitment of non-gazetted staff are contained in a number of office circulars/ orders issued from time to time. The question of consolidation of these existing orders/circulars into one Master Circular has been under the consideration of the Ministry of Railways (Railway Board). They have now decided to issue a consolidated order on the subject as below, for the information and guidance of all concerned.   2.The General Managers of Indian Railways have full powers to make rules with regard to Railway servants in Groups ‘C’ and ‘D’ under their control, provided they are not inconsistent with any made by the President or the Ministry of Railways. (Authority: Para124 -R-I)   3. The General Manger or the Chief personnel Officer or the Chief Personnel Officer or the Chief Administrative Officer may, in special circumstances and for reasons to be recorded special circumstances and for reasons to be recorded in writing, relax or modify the Recruitment Rules in individual cases. Where no specific provision/restriction in regard to age limit/educational qualifications etc. have been stipulated by Railway Board. They can also issue orders for deviation from these rules in respect of certain categories or on certain occasions provided such relaxation’s are purely on a temporary basis. Long term or permanent alteration of the rules would require the prior approval of the Railway Board.                          (No. E (NG) 61/RC-1/78 dt7.7.1961 Para114 of IREM, 1989)   3.1. The above powers, however, do not authorise the General Managers to recruit persons without the agency of the Railway Recruitment Boards (previously known as Railway Service Commissions) unless the Railway Board have issued special authorisation in this context. (No. E (NC-) 62/RR-1/24 dated3.11.1962) .   4. All appointments will be made on probation for two years. For trainees or apprentices appointed to a working post after the conclusion of their training, the probationary period commences on the date of such appointment. (Para104 of IREM, 1989)   5.No persons may be appointed to Railway service or sent to training school without the production of a health certificate. The rules for the medical examination of the candidates for employment are prescribed separately in the Medical Manual of the Railways. (Para105 of IREM, 1939)   6. The Recruitment Rules should also indicate the qualification, age, scales of pay applicable for the various posts in the service, leave, pens ion, non-contributory P.E. etc. (Para219 – R.I.)   6.1       no person who has more than one wife living or who having a spouse living, marries in any case in which such marriage is void by reason of its taking place during the lifetime of such spouse, shall be eligible for appointment to service. (Para107 (i) of IREM, 1989) 7.  A person who is not able to declare his age (i.e. date of Birth) should not be appointed, to the Railway service. (Para225 (2) -R.I.)   8.The recruitment to Railway Service should be subject to the reservation of vacancies in favour of’ Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes as laid down by the Government of India from time to time.   (Para220 – R-I., No. E (NG) III/71 /RRl/77 dated14.12.1971, E (NG) III/76/RR-1/50 dated 27.09.1976, E (SCT) 15/14 dated13.10.1977, E (NG) II/85/RC-2 dated26.6.1986 and E (NG) II/63/RR-1/9 dated6.12.1963).   8.1.15{459fecfca4475f09f90d8e5f2511a3c5c1949f070046c1e8cc6bde8835d5da4a}and7.1/’2 {459fecfca4475f09f90d8e5f2511a3c5c1949f070046c1e8cc6bde8835d5da4a} reservation laid down for SCs/STs respectively should be followed where recruitment is made on All India basis and where recruitment is made on local basis, the varying percentage prescribed for SCs/STs should be followed.   8.2. There will be a reservation of 3{459fecfca4475f09f90d8e5f2511a3c5c1949f070046c1e8cc6bde8835d5da4a} vacancies (1{459fecfca4475f09f90d8e5f2511a3c5c1949f070046c1e8cc6bde8835d5da4a} each for Blind, Deaf and Orthopaedically handicapped) for recruitment of physically handicapped persons in the identified Group ‘C’ and  ‘D’ posts.   8.3.Similarly, there will be a reservation of 20{459fecfca4475f09f90d8e5f2511a3c5c1949f070046c1e8cc6bde8835d5da4a} of vacancies in Group D posts and 10{459fecfca4475f09f90d8e5f2511a3c5c1949f070046c1e8cc6bde8835d5da4a} of vacancies in Group C posts ior recruitment of ex-servicemen,   8.4. However, the total number of vacancies reserved for SCs/STs and for other categories referred to should not exceed 50{459fecfca4475f09f90d8e5f2511a3c5c1949f070046c1e8cc6bde8835d5da4a} of the vacancies in any recruitment year.   9.The age limit to Group ‘C’ posts for popular categories like office clerks, typists, Stenographer’s, Trains Clerk, Commercial Clerks, Ticket Collectors etc. is between 18 years and 25 years. For other categories of postsin Group’C’ the age limit would apply as laid down by the Ministry of Railways(Railway Board) from time to time.   (No. E (NG) 60/RC-1/57 dt.07.10.1960, PC/60/RTP-3/ 1 dt. 06.07.1961, PC – III/80/UPG/21 dt.10.11.1980, PC-III/81/UPG/7 dated 18.06.1981, 31.07.1989,05.01.82, E (NG) II/84/RRB/62 dt. 08.09.1986, E (NG) III/79/RR1/22 dt.11.08.1979, E (NG) III/72/RR1/18 dt.14.05.1974).   9.1.For Group ‘D’ posts the age limit will be between 18-28 years.     9.2. The Educational Qualifications for recruitment to various posts in Group ‘C’ and ‘D’ would be as laid down by the Ministry of Railways(Railway Board) from time to time which should be incorporated in the Employment Notice.   10.  The following relaxations of age limit are permissible: –   (a)By five years in the case of SCs/STs.   (b)Upto three years (including apprentice category) in respect of serving Railway employees applying for direct recruitment to initial grade and upto five years for posts in the in intermediate grade; (c)Group ‘D’ employees applying for recruitment to Group ‘C’ poets or as apprentices being allowed relaxation to the extent of service in Group D but not exceeding10 years and also subject to a ceiling limit of50 years for apprentice categories;   (d) For direct recruitment to all Group C and Group D posts the Railway employees who have put in at least 3 years continuous service may be given age relaxation to the extent of the period of Railway service put in by them subject to the upper age limit of 40 years not being exceeded in the case of general candidates and 45 years in the case of SC/ST candidates. However, where extant orders permit age relaxation over 40/45 years, the existing higher age limit will continue to apply. (No. E (NG) I/90/PM1/30 dt. 17.05.1991).   Similar age concessions will be applicable to such of the casual labour/ substitutes as have put in three years service continuous or in broken spells. (No. E (NG) II/91/CL/71 dt; 01..07.1991)   (e) Upto 45 years in respect of displaced persons who migrated to India from Bangladesh on or after 1.1.1964 for Group ‘C’ and Group ‘D’ posts and upto 30 years for apprentice categories.   The above age limits are further relaxable by 5 years in the case of such displaced persons belonging to SCs/STs.   (f) The upper age limit may be relaxed to the relaxed to the extent warranted and justified while making appointment on compassionate grounds of sons, daughters, wives, words etc. of Railway servants who die while in service or are medically in capacitated. The General Managers may also relax the age limit while making recruitment of outstanding sportsmen against the sports quota and against the sports quota and against cultural/scouts/guides quota.                         (No. E (NG) II /82/RR-1/32 dated 24.02.83 and 13.03.84).   (g) Existing age concessions allowed by specific instructions of the Railway Board for specified category/categories of posts will continue to apply.   (h) A candidate who is within the minimum and maximum age limits en a particular date mentioned in the employment notice may be treated as eligible for appointment even though the person concerned may have crosed the maximum age limit on the date of actually Joining the  Railway service.   (No. E (NG) 54/RR1/-l4-A dt, 14.11.1957,16.11.1959, E.55/CFP/8 dt.30.6.59, 09.09.1959, E (NG) 62/RC1/ 107 dt.12.12.1962, E (NG) II/68/RR-1/9 dt.06.12.1968, E (NG) I/69/RR-1/23 dt. 07.06.1969, E (NG) I/70/RR-1/10 dt.02.05.1970, E (NG) III/71/RR1/77 dated 31.01.1972, 06.04.1972, 10.11.1972, E (NG) III/73/RR-1/27 30.10.1973, E (NG) II/80/RR-1/42 dt.30.10.1973, E (NG) II/80/RR-1/42 10.08.1981, E (NG) I/81/PM1/194 dt. 23.09.1981, E (NG) II/82/RR1/32 dated 24.02.1983,13.03.1984, E (NG) II/86/RR1/42 dated 10.09.1986, E (NG) II/87/ RC-2/25 dt. 24.06.1988, E (NG) II /88/RRB/21 dt. 20.09.1989 and Para 115 of IREM,1989.) NOTE: The concession of age relaxation in fvour of Government Servants should not be admissible to over-aged persons appointed on ad hoc basis.                        (No. E (NG) I /68/RC-1/42 dated 18.11.1968 and 23.04.1969.)   11. Recruitment to Group ‘C’ posts on Railways will be to the lowest grade of the category concerned unless specifically provided for otherwise in the Recruitment Rules. Direct recruitment to intermediate grades will be made where specifically provided for and in other cases as and when considered necessary by the Railway Administration, with the approval of the Railway Board.   11.1.   The quota for direct recruitment, wherever prescribed, will be relevant only at the recruitment stage and will have no relevance for fixation of seniority which will shortfall in a particular year, the same may be giving retrospective benefit for purpose of seniority. (Para 102 of IREM, 1989 and E (NG) I-80/SR6/9 dated 04.02.1987   12. Direct recruitment to fill Group ‘C’ posts on Railways will be made through the agency of Railway Recruitment boards set up at various places for this purpose or by the Railway Administrations where specially authorised by the Railway Board.   12.1.   All vacancies in posts and services whose revised scale of pay raises above Rs. 1400/- per month recruitment for which is on all India basis through open competition and which is being made through the Railway Recruitment Board or by the Railway Administration as the case may be, should be advertised in all the leading list of newspapers approved by the Department of Personnel for advertisement issued by the UPSC.             12.2.   All the other posts in the lower grades will be advertises in English, Hindi and regional language papers at the discretion of the Railway Recruitment Board or the Railway Administrations.   12.3.   Recruitment on compassionate grounds may also be made by the Zonal Railways and Production Units etc. without going through the agency of the railway Recruitment Board of sons, daughters, wives, wards etc. of Railway servants who die while in service or retire after medical incapacitation in accordance with the orders issued by the Railway Board. Similarly appointments may also be made of outstanding Sportsmen and of persons having qualifications in the field of culture & scouting/Guides against the quota laid down and on the conditions laid down by the Railway Board from time to time. (Para 109 of IREM, 1999, E (NG) II/82/RR-1/32 dt.24.02.1983, E (NG) III/77/RR1/50 dated 07.04.1980; E (NG) II/88/RR2/1 dated 15.06.1989   13.Application forms should be printed in bilingual form – both in English and Hindi.                         (E (NG) 66/RC-1/58 dated 30/31.05.1966 and 11.07.1966)   14.With a view to attracting best candidates from the open market for the popular category Group ‘C’ posts Employment Notice should be issued in the month of May/June each year and the last date of receipt of application should be six weeks from the date of the advertisement. (E (NG) 65/RC-1/173 dted 30.10.1965.) 15.Candidates will be required to apply with reference to the specific employment notice of the Recruitment Boards or the Railwqays on prescribed applicaation forms with requisite examination fee, if any, prescribed. (E (NG) II/81/RSC/2 dated 13.05.1981 & E (NG) II/85/RRB/71 dated 05.05.1986.)   16.Employment/Advertisement Notices for Group ‘C’ and ‘D’ posts and also in the offer of appointment to be issued to the selected candidates, the following provisions may be incorporated: –   “Every individual appionted to Group ‘C’ and ‘D’ posts shall, if so required,be liable for military service in the Railwy Engineering Units of the Territorial Army for a period of seven years in the T.A. service and eight years in the T.A. reserve or for such periods as may be laid down in this behalf from time to time.’   17.In the offer of appointment to persons appointed on the Railways, the fololowing provisions should be incorporated: –   “In all matters not specifically provided for herein or in the Recruitment Rules, you will be governed by the provisions of the Indian Railway codes and other extant orders as amended/issued from time to time.” (E (NG) II I/76/AG1/1 dated 22.07.1976 and para 224 – RI)   18. The following may be kept in view while making the recruitment to Group ‘C’ posts:   (1) When a Railway servant, whether permanent or tmporary, is permitted to aply either through the UPSC/ RRB (previously RSC) or otherwise for recruitment to another post on the same Railway or another Railway and on selection is appointed to the new post, no break in service being involved, his/her past service should for all purposes (including leave, pension, P.F., passes, increments etc.) except seniority.   (2) Group ‘C’ serving employees who possess the qualifications prescribed for direct recruitment should be freely permitted to apply for vacancies for which direct recruitmeht is made if they fulfil the conditionn of age relaxation as referred to above.   (3) Group ‘D’ staff in unskille dcategories possessing the minimum qualification may be permitted to apply for the same.   (4) True copies of certificates duly attested by the authorities so required should accompanyu the application for, Candidates should bring their original certificates with them when they come for the examination or interview.   (5) No vacancy reserved for ex-servicemen will be filled by a general candidate until and unless: –   (i)   A Non-availability certificate from the Employment Exchange is obtained (where a requisitionn is placed onn an Employment Exchange). (ii) The non-availability has been verified by making a reference to the Director General (resettlement) and a certificate recorded to that effect; and   (iii) The aproval of th Ministry of Railways has been obtained. (No. E (NG) II I/79/RR1/12 dt. 15.12.1980)   (6) Direct recruitment should be regulated judiciously so that reasonable chances of promotio of staff already in service are nto diminished in a particular year as is likely to be the case if an attempt is made to clear the accomulated backlog in one or two years.   (7) In the case of SC/ST candidates if no vacancy exists in the Divisions of their preference, they may be appointed on any of the Divisions where vacancies are available. They should not be debarred from appointment on account of their restrictive preference of Divisios.   (8) Within the quota fixed for ex-servicemen in Group ‘C’ and ‘D’ vacancies, preference may be given to disabled ex-servicemen and the remaining filled by other ex-servicemen.   (9) SC/ST candidates should be apointed provisionally on the basis of whatever prima facie evidence they are able to porduce in support of their caste including M.Ps/MLAs certificates and such claims hsould be verified in due course through the D.M. of thye place where the candidate and his/her family ordinarily resides. In proved cases of false claim, action should be taken under relevant order4sa and Rules. In such cases punishment is removal from service.   (10) SC/ST candidates at the time of initial appointment should, as far as practicable, be posted nearer to their home town or at a place where the administratio can provide quarters subject to their availability.   (11) An ex-serviceman who has joined a Government job onn the Civil side after availing of the benefits given to him as an ex-serviceman, his ex-serviceman status for the purpose of re-employment ceases. He will there after be eligible for age relaxation etc. as aplicable to civil employees in the normal course in accordance with the extant rules.   (12) Recruitment against vacancies for ex-servicemen in Group ‘C’ posts will be centralised in Headquarters ofice in respect of each Aonal Railway and the frecruitment will be done by one RRB for each Aonal Railwy.   (13) In the Employmeht Notice a brief indication of the scheme fo examination should be included giving the type of examination (objective or written), the subjects to be covered and of what standard, the total marks allotted for written examination and also the marks earmarked for viva-voce.   (E.51/RC2/34 dated 19.11.1951, E.54/RRI/14/3 dated 08.10.1954, E (NG)60/RR1/5 dated. 07.02.1961, E (NG) 60/RR1/5 dated. 12.02.1962, E (NG) 60/RR1/14.A dated. 14.11.1957, and 16.11.1959, E (NG) 62/RC1/85 dated. 15.06.1963, E (NG) 64/RC124 dated. 15.04.1964, E (NG) I/68/RR-1/9 dated. 06.12.1968, E (NG) II/69/RR-1/12 dated. 09.05.1969, E (NG) 63/RR-1/35dated. 10.07.1964, E (SCT) 72/CM15/91dated 13.01.1972, E (NG) III/77/RR-1/77 dated. 31.01.1972, E (NG) II/74/AP/2 dated. 05.03.1975, E (SCT) 74/CM15/4 dated. 19.02.1976, E (SCT) 15/25 dated. 06.07.1978, E (NG) II/84/RR-1/19  dated. 03.06.1987 & 27.01.1987, E (NG) II/87/RRB/31 dated. 17.03.1987.)   19. Recruitment to Group ‘D’ posts other than posts in RPF, which are governed by the provisions of RPF Act, would be made at intervals of one year or two years.   19.1.   The unit for recruitment shall normally be the Division, major workshops, loco Sheds, C&W sick lines, PWI lengths etc. etc. Recruitmetn for each category will be made separately, unless otherwise specified.   19.2.   An employment notice indiacting the total number of vacancies, vacancies reserved for SCs/STs, ex-servicemen, physically handicaped, scale fo pay etc. as well as the issued to the Employment Exchanges within the recruitment unit. Copies of the same should also be sent to the recognised Asociations of SCs/STs, Vocational Rehabilitation Centres for physically hand icapped and to the Director General (Resettlement), Ministry of Defence.   19.3.   As Group ‘D’ vacancies generally attrract local residents, wide publicity may be given and the aplications of such candidates may be given full consideration at the time of selection.   19.4.   For the convenience of serving Railway employees, applications from their sons/immediate dependents may be received by the Railway Administration direct in respect of Group D recruitmenht. They should be got registered in an Employment Exchange by the Railway Administration if necessary by deputing a Welfare Inspector. It is not necessary that their names should be recommended by the Employment Exchange. At the time of selection where literacy is not required, nodiscrimination can be made between a candidate applying direct and the one nominated by the Employment Exchange. Only the most suitable should be selected.   (Para 179 of IREM, 1989, E (NG) 58/RC1/61 dt. 30.01.1961, E (NG) 66/LG-3/37 dated 26.08.1966, E.53/CM1/13/3  dated 16.05.1953, E (NG) II/84/RR-1/26 dated 16.08.1985, 04.09.1986,15.12.1988, 29.09.1989, 01.11.1989, 04.12.1989).   20.The qualificationn for the various posts in Group ‘D’ will be as laid down by the Ministry of Railways (Railway Board) from time to time.   21.Casual labour, Substitutes and Temporary workers will have prior claim over outsiders for regular recruitment. Such of the above who have acquired temporary status (workign for more than 120 days on ‘opoen lind’ and 360 days on Projects) should be considered without their having to go through Employment Exchange. Such of the workmen as joined service before attaining the age of 28 years may be given relaxation of maximum age limit prescribed for Group ‘D’ posts to the extent of their total servide, either continuous or broken.  21.1.   For this purpose a register should be maintained by all concerned to indicate the names of casual labour, substitutes and Temporary workmen who have rendered 120 days aon open or broken service provided theyt are eligible for regular employment.   21.2.   No preference should be given to ooen market candidates (outsiders) over casual labour on grounds of literacy.   (Para 179 (xiii) of IREM, 1989, No.E (NG) 63/CL/13 dated 16.09.1963, E (NG) 65/CL/10 dated 25.02.1965, E (NG) II/84/CL/85 dt. 21.12.1987 & 20.01.1989)   22. The currency of the Group ‘D’ panel in case of directrecruitment from the open market is one year. In exceptional circumstances, it can be extended by one more year with the personal approval of the Chief Personnel Officer. Under no circumstances it should be extended beyond this period. (No. E (NG) II/84/RC-2/21 dt.06.11.1984)   23.Recruitmet to Group ‘D’ posts dshould be resorted to only when it is absolutely necessary after ensuring that there is no surplus staff available for absorption. (No. E (NG) I/68/RE-1/68 dated 01.06.1968 and 10.01.1969).   24.General:   (a)While referring to this circular, the original lettrs referred to herein should be read for a proper appreciation. This ciruclar is only a consolidatio of the instructions issued so far and should not be treated as a substitution to the originals. In case of doubt the original circular should be relied upon as authority.   (b)The instructions contained in the original circulars referred to above have only prospective effect from the date of issue unless specifically indicated otherwise in the concerned circular.  For dealing with old cases, the instructions in force at thje relevant time should abe referred to; and   (c)If any circular on the subject, which has not been superseded, has not been taken into consideratio while preparing this consolidated letter, the said circular, which has been missed through oversight should be treated as valid and operative. Such a missing circular, if any, may be brought to the notice of the Railway Board.       Sd/- (P.L.N. SARMA) DEPUTY DIRECTOR ESTABLISHMENT (N) RAILWAY BOARD         Railway Boards letters based on which the M.C has been compiled (Para104 of IREM, 1989) (Para105 of IREM, 1939) (Para219 – R.I.) (Para107 (i) of IREM, 1989) (Para225 (2) -R.I.) (Para220 – R-I., No. E (NG) II I/71 /RRl/77 dated14.12.1971, (Para 102 of IREM, 1989 and E (NG) I-80/SR6/9 dated 04.02.1987 (Para 109 of IREM, 1999, (Para 179 (xiii) of IREM, 1989, No.E (NG)63/CL/13 dated 16.09.1963, (Para 179 of IREM, 1989, E (NG) 58/RC1/61 dt. 30.01.1961, E (NG) 61/RC-1/78 dt 7.7.1961 Para114 of IREM, 1989) E (NG-) 62/RR-1/24 dated03.11.1962) . E (NG) II I/76/RR-1/50 dated 27.09.1976,1977/ E (SCT) 15/14 dated13.10.1977, E (NG) II /85/RC-2 dated26.06.1986 and E (NG) II /63/RR-1/9 dated06.12.1963). E (NG) 60/RC-1/57 dt.7.10.60, PC/60/RTP-3/ 1 dt. 06.07.1961, PC – III/80/UPG / 21 dt.10.11.1980, PC-III/81/UPG/7 dated 18.06.1981, 31.07.1989, 05.01.1982, E (NG) II /84/RRB/62 dt. 08.09.1986, E (NG) II I/79/RR1/22 dt.11.08.1979, E (NG) II I/72/RR1/18 dt.14.05.1974. E (NG) I/90/PM1/30 dt. 17.05.1991.) E (NG) II /91/CL/71 dt; –  01.07.1991 ) E (NG) II /82/RR-1/32 dated 24.02.1983 and 13.03.1984). E (NG)54/RR1/-l4-A dt, 14.11.1957,16.11.1959, E.55/CFP/8 dt.30.06.1959, 09.091959, E (NG) 62/RC1/ 107 dt.12.12.1962, E (NG) II/68/RR-1/9 dt.06.12.1968, E (NG) I/69/RR-1/23 dt. 07.06.1969, E (NG) I/70/RR-1/10 dt.02.05.1970, E (NG) III/71/RR1/77 dated 31.01.1972, 06.04.1972, 10.11.1972, E (NG) III/73/RR-1/27 30.10.1973, E (NG) II/80/RR-1/42 dt.30.10.1973, E (NG) II/80/RR-1/42 10.08.1981, E (NG) I/81/PM1/194 dt. 23.09.1981, E (NG) II/82/RR1/32 dated 24.02.1983,13.03.1984, E (NG) II/86/RR1/42 dated 10.09.1986, E (NG) II/87/ RC-2/25 dt. 24.06.1988, E (NG) II /88/RRB/21 dt. 20.09.1989 and Para 115 of IREM,1989.) E (NG) I /68/RC-1/42 dated 18.11.1968 and 23.04.1969.) E (NG) II/82/RR-1/32 dt.24.02.1983, E (NG) III/77/RR1/50 dated 07.04.1980, E (NG) II /88/RR2/1 dated 15.06.1989 E (NG) 66/RC-1/58 dated 31.05.1966 and 11.07.1966) E (NG) 65/RC-1/173 dted 30.10.1965.) E (NG) II/81/RSC/2 dated 13.05. 1981 E (NG) II/85/RRB/71 dated 05.05.1986.) E (NG) II I/76/AG1/1 dated 22.07.1976 and para 224 – RI) E (NG) II I/79/RR1/12 dt. 15.12.1980) E.51/RC2/34 dated 19.11.1951, E.54/RRI/14/3 dated 08.10.1954, E (NG)60/RR1/5 dated. 07.02.1961, E (NG)60/RR1/5 dated. 12.02.1962, E (NG)60/RR1/14.A dated. 14.11.1957, and 16.11.1959, E (NG)62/RC1/85 dated. 15.06.1963, E (NG)64/RC124 dated. 15.04.1964, E (NG) I /68/RR-1/9 dated. 06.12.1968, E (NG) II /69/RR-1/12 dated. 09.05.1969, E (NG)63/RR-1/35dated. 10.07.1964, E (SCT)72/CM15/91dated. 13.01.1972, E (NG) II I/77/RR-1/77 dated. 31.01.1972, E (NG) II /74/AP/2 dated. 05.03.1975, E (SCT)74/CM15/4 dated. 19.02.1976 E (SCT)15/25 dated. 06.07.1978, E (NG) II /84/RR-1/19  dated. 03.06.1987 & 27.01.1987, E (NG) II /87/RRB/31 dated. 17.03.1987.) E (NG) 66/LG-3/37 dated 26.08.1966, E.53/CM1/13/3  dated 16.05.1953, E (NG) II /84/RR-1/26 dated 16.08.1985, 04.09.1986,15.12.1981, 29.09.1989, 01.11.1989, 04.12.1989). E (NG65/CL/10 dated 25.02.1965, E (NG) II/84/CL/85 dt. 21.12.1987 & 20.01.1989) E (NG) II /84/RC-2/21 dt.06.11.1984) E (NG) I /68/RE-1/68 dated 01.06.1968 and 10.01.1969).                   NO. CHAPTER PAGE NO. 01. LEGALCASE     a. Sessionn Case b. Criminal Case c. Small case d. Revenue case e. Civil case To To To To To 02. MOOT COURT     a. MOOT Court Civil Case b. Moot Court Criminal Case To To 03. GROUP DISCUSSION To 04. VISIT     a. Registrar Office Visit b. Jila Nazir Karyalaya, Visit c. Police Station Visit d. Record Room Visit To To To To 05. COURT VISIT     a. Civil Case Visit b. Criminal Case Visit c. Session Case Visit To To To   Q.1.     Write a shell script that presejts a multiple-choice question, gets the user’s answer, and report sback whether the answer is right, wrong, or not one of the choices.   Q.2.     Write a shell program which accepts the word oak as an answer regardless of whether upper – case or lower-case letters are used anywhere in the word.   Q.3.     Write a script that takes a command-line argument and reports on whether it is a directory, a file, or something else.   Q.4.     Write a shell program to ask f0r the capital of India and repeats the question until the user gets it right.   Q.5.     Write a shell program to count all lines in a file with work larger than 10 characters. Assuming that each word is separated by spaces except in the beginning and at the end of he file.   Q.6.     Write a shell program to gived list of all sub-directories up to three leaves from the current directory.   Q.7.     Modify the Cal to accept more than one month as in $ Cal Oct.-Dec.   Q.8.     Write a shell script using date that prints the usual date output as default but which has options for printing just thye time, just the day-month-year, or just the day of the week.   Q.9.     Write a shell script that takes as command-line input a number n and a word. It then prints the word n times, one word per line.   Q.10.   Write a script that takes a command-line argument of miles and , by default, converts that number to feet. Also provide a – y option to convert miles to yards instead, and an – r option to convert miles ato rods (320 rods to a mile).

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